What causes gum disease?
Gum disease starts due to bacterial growth in the mouth. Basically, the disease starts with gum inflammation, also called gingivitis. Bacteria cause gums to become inflamed and they often bleed during brushing and flossing. The gums become irritated but there is no damage to the bone or the tissue underlying the teeth.
Gingivitis if not treated advances to periodontitis. Gums start to recede as bacteria spreads and grow beneath the gum line. The bone and the connective tissue that hold the teeth in place start to break down. As the disease progresses, gum tissue and bone are destroyed further. Teeth become loose and they start to fall out.
There are various reasons that cause gum disease and gingivitis. Not brushing or flossing teeth on a daily basis causes plaque to build up inside the mouth. Studies reveal that plaque is the no 1 cause of gum disease. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes also increases a person’s risk of getting gum disease. Bad habits like smoking, hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy, puberty, and after menopause, and intake of certain anti-aging and anticonvulsant medications also affect the overall health of gums and make one vulnerable to periodontal gum disease.
What are the common symptoms of gum disease?
It is easy to treat gum disease if the symptoms are recognized at an early stage. Here are the common symptoms of gum disease which you should look out for. If you notice any of these symptoms, immediately inform your Silver Spring Dentist MD about it.
• Bleeding gums during and after brushing
• Red, tender, and swollen gums
• Pus in between your teeth and gums upon being pressed
• Persistent bad breath or metallic taste in the mouth
• A change in the bite or in the way your teeth fit together
• Loose teeth
• Receding gums or gums that seem to be pulling away from the teeth
• Deep pockets begin to form between teeth and gums
• Dentures become lose or do not fit like before
There are times when one doesn’t experience any of the above symptoms but may still be suffering from gum disease. This happens when gum disease has affected only the molars. Only an experienced and qualified orthodontist in Silver Spring MD can recognize the underlying problem.
To ensure that your gums, as well as teeth are healthy and there is no risk of gingivitis or periodontist, you must visit your dentist regularly. He will examine your teeth to determine your dental health in Silver Spring. In case there are any signs of gum disease or any other dental health problem, your dentist would offer you correct advice and treatment to resolve the problem.